1. Creator/Author:
  2. Adalbert Johann Volck (35)

Battle in Baltimore, April 19, 1861

Adalbert Johann Volck
Unknown place made
Origin Date:
overall: 9 1/2 in x 12 in
Item ID:
Holding Institution:
Lincoln Financial Foundation Collection, courtesy of the Indiana State Museum
Available for Viewing:
Fine Art


This etching is a political cartoon by Adalbert Volck, a Southern sympathizer living in Baltimore, Maryland, during the United States Civil War. This cartoon, one of the Confederate War Etchings series, depicts the riot that took place when soldiers of the 6th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment were attacked as they passed through Baltimore on their way to Washington, D.C., on April 19, 1861. Traveling by rail from Boston, the troops had to change trains in order to continue their journey to the nation's capital. The Camden Station of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, however, was all the way across town from the President Street Station of the Philadelphia, Wilmington and Baltimore Railroad. Normally the transfer of passengers was by horse-drawn cars, but the unruly mass of protesters allowed only nine of the cars to get through the clogged streets; the remaining troops were forced to walk. The cartoon depicts the violence that erupted, with soldiers being attacked by an angry crowd of men. The Baltimoreans are portrayed as unruly but almost noble in their fight; the Massachusetts troops appear to be cowardly, bumbling fools. Note also the woman leaning out of the window cheering on the proceedings below. The number 4 appears above the upper left corner of the image. Original etching one of thirty published in Volck's "Confederate War Etchings." Part of the Lincoln Financial Foundation Collection, courtesy of the Indiana State Museum